Examining a soil that is said to have healing properties, researchers discovered a new strain of bacteria that is effective against 4 super bacteria.
Researchers examining a soil long thought to have healing properties in Ireland, today discovered a bacterial strain that is effective against 4 super bacteria resistant to antibiotics.
It is thought that antibiotic-resistant superbacteria could cause 1.3 million deaths in Europe by 2050. The World Health Organization sees this problem as one of the biggest threats to global health, food security and development right now.
The new bacterial strain was discovered by researchers from Wales, Brazil, Iraq and Northern Ireland at Swensea University School of Medicine. The new species Streptomyces sp. It was called myrophorea.
Soil from an area called Fermanagh in Northern Ireland, locally known as the Boho Highlands, was said to be medicinal. The region has a structure consisting of alkaline meadows.
In studies against antibiotic resistance, researchers are looking for new sources to replace existing drugs. Among the resources researched are local medicines. This branch of research is called ethnopharmacology. Researchers are also examining environments with well-known antibiotic manufacturers such as Streptomyces.
In the Middle Ages healers lived in the area
From the research team, Dr. Gerry Quinn says he lived in the Boho area of Fermanagh in the past and this land has been used as medicine for years. It is stated that traditionally soil is placed in a cotton cloth and used to treat many diseases from toothache to throat and neck infections. Interestingly, it is known that the Druids, known as the clergy and healers of the period, lived in this region 1500 years ago. It is stated that Neolithic people lived in this region 4000 years ago.
The following findings were obtained regarding the newly discovered Streptomyces species in the study:
- In four of the six most resistant pathogens identified by the World Health Organization, it is able to stop growing. These pathogens are Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VRE), methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Klebsiella pneumonia, and Carbenepenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumanii.
- It inhibits the growth of both gram positive and gram negative bacteria. There is a difference in the cell wall of these bacteria, and gram-negative bacteria are generally more resistant to antibiotics.
“The solution to the modern problem is hidden in the wisdom of the past”
It has not yet been determined which component of the new strain inhibits the growth of pathogens, but the team continues their research. Professor at Swansea University School of Medicine. “This new strain of bacteria is effective against four of the six most resistant pathogens,” Paul Dyson said. Among them is MRSA. Our discovery is an important step in the fight against antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Our results show that local and traditional medicine is worth investigating to discover new antibiotics. Historians and archaeologists can contribute to these studies. It seems that one of the solutions to this rather modern problem may be the wisdom of the past.” said.
From the research team, Dr. Gerry Quinn: “The discovery of the antimicrobial agent from Streptomyces sp.myrophorea will be very useful in our development of new drugs against resistant bacteria that can cause deadly infections. We will now focus on the purification and identification of these antibiotics. We can also treat a wider spectrum of resistant pathogens with other antibacterial organisms from the same soil.” used the phrases.
Researchers examining a soil long thought to have healing properties in Ireland, today discovered a bacterial strain that is effective against 4 super bacteria resistant to antibiotics. Soil from a region called Fermanagh in Northern Ireland, locally known as the Boho Highlands, was said to be medicinal. In studies against antibiotic resistance, researchers are looking for new sources to replace existing drugs. Among the resources researched are local medicines. This branch of research is called ethnopharmacology.